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ORTHODONTIC TERMS AND APPLIANCES

Anything that is attached to your teeth that moves your teeth or corrects your bite.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and guides the direction of tooth movement.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.

orthodontic terms and appliances

An orthodontic attachment made of metal, ceramic or plastic that holds the archwire against each tooth. The archwire fits into a slot in the bracket. Brackets may be attached directly to each tooth or to a band.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

orthodontic terms and appliances

An elastic chain that is used to hold the archwires onto the brackets.

orthodontic terms and appliances

The coil spring fits between brackets and over the archwire.

orthodontic terms and appliances

The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A tiny rubber ring that ties the archwire into the bracket. Found in numerous colors for better appearance.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A permanent retainer that is bonded to the back side of the front teeth to keep the teeth from shifting from their new position.

orthodontic terms and appliances

The Forsus appliance is used in order to help move the upper molars back while moving the lower arch forward. Composed of a spring coil rod, the appliance is used while a patient is currently wearing braces. It runs from the upper first molar band down to the lower archwire.
You may notice some discomfort initially, so we recommend a soft food diet for the first few days after the appliance is placed. Regular anti-inflammatory medication may help with any pain, if needed. It is important to keep the appliance clean; you may do this by carefully brushing the coil and other metal pieces of the appliance. Also, we recommend that patients not open their mouths very wide, as the appliance may come apart.

orthodontic terms and appliances

An appliance designed to deter thumb or finger sucking habits.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

orthodontic terms and appliances

The Herbst appliance prevents the lower jaw from moving backward but allows opening and closing movement to occur easily. At first, your mouth will feel unusually full, and speaking will be awkward. But if you practice reading aloud, your ordinary speech will return quickly. You may also notice more saliva than normal, but this will decrease as you become accustomed to the appliance. Patients will not have any problems learning to chew their food with their lower jaw in this new position. As with all kinds of braces, patients with Herbst appliances need to be careful about what they eat. Your Herbst appliance will be checked and adjusted at your appointments. If, sometimes between appointments, you develop some sore areas on the inside of your cheeks, please do not try to adjust the appliance yourself. Call for an appointment so that the necessary adjustments can be made.

orthodontic terms and appliances

An imprint or mold of the teeth used to design an orthodontic treatment plan.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Interceptive treatment, also known as early treatment, is limited orthodontic treatment usually performed between the ages of 6 and 10. This phase of treatment makes future orthodontic treatment faster and less invasive.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Orthodontic appliances fixed to the interior (tongue) side of teeth.

orthodontic terms and appliances

The Mandibular Anterior Repositioning Appliance (MARA) is suitable for treating class II malocclusions, which are characterized by protrusion of the upper front teeth or a lower jaw and or teeth that are positioned back in regard to the upper jaw and or teeth. Using MARA, class II malocclusions are treated more effectively. The MARA is reliable and reduces treatment time. .
Generally, the appliance is secured to the patient’s first molars via stainless steel crowns, which are easy to fit and retain more, compared to bands. The appliance features no removable parts, which means patient compliance is not an issue. Also, the orthodontist can more accurately predict the length of treatment.
The upper “elbows” can be removed; which facilitates comfort and advanced adjustments. The appliance can be advanced on one side or both sides.
Sore spots are minimal. Initially, it may feel strange to hold your jaw forward while eating, but within two weeks, chewing will become more natural. We recommend you eat soft foods initially. Do not chew on the elbows. Avoiding candy, hard foods, etc. throughout treatment will help prevent breakage of the appliance.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A mouthpiece that is tailored to provide protection to the braces and teeth while the patient is playing a sport.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Attached to the upper molars through bonding or by cemented bands, the palatal expander is used to create a wider space in the upper jaw.

orthodontic terms and appliances

A permanent image, typically on film, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Small elastics that fit snugly between certain teeth to move them slightly so bands can be placed around them later.

orthodontic terms and appliances

Patients are instructed to place wax over a bracket or poking wire that is causing irritation to the lip or cheek.

orthodontic terms and appliances
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